Dnyanganga Shikshan Prasarak Sanstha Wanoja

Smt. Salunkabai Raut Arts & Commerce College, Wanoja

"Reaccredited "B" Grade by NAAC, Bangalore." C.G.P.A. 2.46

Master of Arts (M.A.)


About Course

MA or Master of Arts is a postgraduate degree available to individuals who have earned their bachelor's degree (also known as, undergraduate degree). The degree is offered in various specialisations at various colleges and universities in India and abroad. The graduate-level of study is mostly focused on the humanities and social sciences field.

MA Quick Facts:

  • The duration of an MA course is usually two years 
  • Candidates who possess a graduation degree can only pursue an MA course
  • The degree can be pursued as a full-time course, part-time course, correspondence or distance mode
Admission Process

A brief related to the admission procedure for the MA Programme are listed below:

  • Candidates who intend to enrol in M.A. programmes must first take and pass an entrance exam. For M.A. programmes, most universities and institutes administer an entrance exam
  • An entrance exam result can grant direct admission to some colleges; however, several colleges use additional rounds of selection, such as group discussions and personal interviews, to choose candidates for ultimate admission
  • Candidates must pass the university/admission institute's exam in order to advance to the next round, which will be determined by their marks/ranks.

MA is a specialised course in which aspirants are offered in-depth knowledge of the discipline they have selected. The eligibility parameters for a MA programme states that:

  • Bachelor degree (preferably arts) holders of a minimum 3 or 4-year duration with its equivalent (10+2+3 or 10+2+4). The degree should be from a university that is recognized by the UGC (University Grants Commission) of India.
  • A minimum of 55% aggregate at graduation level
  • Candidates pursuing a three-year degree programme must clear all topics from 1st to 4th semester, while applicants pursuing a four-year degree programme must pass all topics from the first to the sixth semester.
Duration of course

MA is a 2-year PG program


The subjects taught in an MA course vary as per the discipline selected by the student. Apart from this, slight variation in the syllabus can also be witnessed from one college to the other. Candidates can view the subjects that they would need to study as part of an MA course below:

MA English

Introduction to Linguistics

Poetry III (Hopkins to Ted Hughes)

Poetry I (Chaucer to Blake)

Drama III (Twentieth Century Drama)

Drama I (Marlowe to Wilde excluding Shakespeare)

Literary Criticism & Theory 1


Indian Literature in English I/American Literature-II

Linguistics and English Language Teaching

Fiction II

Poetry II (Wordsworth to Arnold)

Literary Criticism & Theory II

Drama II (Shakespeare)

Indian Literature in English II/American Literature II

Fiction I (Defoe to Hardy)

Indian Literature in Translation/New Literatures in English/Women Writing

MA French

History of French Literature from its Origin up to XIXth Century

Introduction to Linguistics

French Novel & French Poetry (20th Century)

Use of French

Introduction to Literary Analysis of Fiction and Poetry

Linguistic Approach to Translation

History of France

French Drama (20th Century)

Origin of Literature in French (Study of Text)

Evolution of French Poetry and Novel as genre

Comparative Literature

Study of Literary Schools or Movements

Didactic of French as a foreign language

Canadian Literature

History of Art in France

Introduction to Translation Studies

MA dissertation


Introduction to Francophone Literature

Interpretative theory of translation

MA German

An introduction to the Study of Literature – I

The development of Drama from Lessing to Hebel – I

Introduction to Modern German Linguistics – I

Poetry of classical periods

India in German Literature - II/German Literary Trends (Realism & Naturalism)

The development of Drama from Hebel to Brecht -II

An introduction to the study of literature – II

Training of oral interpretation skill

Introduction to modern German linguistics - II

Major Elective Course

MA Chinese / Mandarin

Advanced Chinese

Intensive Readings in Chinese Literature I

Advanced Chinese II

Modern Literary Trends and Criticism

Readings in Literary Chinese I

Readings in Sino-Indian Interaction

Advanced Readings in Political and Economic Documents in Chinese I

Twentieth-Century China

Advanced Chinese III

Women in Chinese Literature

Advanced Chinese IV

Seminar in Modern Chinese Language, Literature and Culture

Readings in Literary Chinese II

Interpretation and Methods of Teaching

Advanced Readings in Business and Scientific Documents in Chinese II

Modern Chinese Literature in Translation

Literature of People’s Republic of China

Intensive Readings in Chinese Literature II

Political and Cultural History Pre-modern China

Intensive Readings in Chinese Literature III

Readings in Comparative Literature

Advanced Study in Chinese Grammar

MA Economics

Microeconomic Analysis

Economics of Growth

Monetary Economics

Public Economics

Elementary Statistics

Issues in the Indian Economy

International Trade

Economics of Industry

Optional Paper-I

Optional Paper-II

Theory of Pricing and Distribution

Growth Models in Economics

Macroeconomic Analysis

Indian Public Finance

Quantitative Methods

Selected Problems of the Indian Economy

International Finance

Economics of Agriculture

MA Econometrics

Basic Mathematical Methods

Human Resource Development

Micro Economics - I

Money and Finance

Statistics for Econometrics

Macro Economics - II

Women and Economy

Advanced Econometrics

Information Technology

Growth Economics

Soft Skill

Contemporary Indian Economic Issues

Mathematical Economics

Financial Econometrics

Micro Economics - II

Public Economics

Basic Econometric Methods

Applied Econometrics

Macro Economics - I

Panel Data: Theory and Application

MA Political Science

Modern Indian Political Thought

Comparative Political Analysis

International Relations-Theory and Practice

Western Political Thought

Indian Politics-Major Issues and Debates

Seminar on Field Project

Contemporary Political Theory


Soft Skills

Teaching and Research Aptitude-I

Politics of Developing Countries

Departmental Elective 2

Contemporary Political Issues

Departmental Elective 3

Major Ideas and Issues in Public Administration

State Politics in India

Research Methods in Political Science


Departmental Elective 3

Teaching and Research Aptitude-II

MA Public Administration

Concepts and Ideas of Public Administration

Comparative Local Government: Nature and Significance

Administrative Theories and Thinkers: Classical Era

Comparative Administration

Public Personnel Administration: Theory and Practice

Public Policy

Evolution and Framework of Indian Administration

Financial Administration in India: Concepts and Structure

Citizen and Administration: Concepts and Issues

Fundamentals of Computers/International Public Administration – I

Principles and Practices of Public Administration

Comparative Local Government: Process and Issues

Administrative Theories and Thinkers: Modern Era

Development Administration

Public Personnel Administration: Concepts and Issues

Theory and Practice of Management

Indian Administration: State and District Administration

Financial Administration in India: Processes

MA International Relations

Contemporary Political Theory

Theory and Practice of Diplomacy

Modern Political Thought

Energy Politics in International Relations

Theory of International Relations – I

Indian Foreign Policy: Post-Cold War Era

Thinkers in International Relations

Research Dissertation – I

Indian Political System

International Political Economy

Gender in Global Politics

National and Global Security in Contemporary World

Theory of International Relations-II

Research Methodology

Geopolitics in International Relations

Research Dissertation – II

Comparative Political Analysis


MA Politics

Political Theory

Elective - I

Indian Government and Politics

Elective - II

Public Administration

Elective - III

International Relations

Elective - IV

Political Theory II

Elective - V

Comparative Politics, Indian Constitution

Interdisciplinary/Cross-Disciplinary Course

MA Public Policy

Law, Governance and Institution

Political Philosophy for Public Policy

Statistical and Data Analysis

Policy Action Workshop

Qualitative Research Methodology

Social and Cultural Theory

Introduction to Public Policy Process

Public Finance and Administration

Academic Writing Workshop

Program Design and Evaluation

Economics for Public Policy I

Pre Dissertation Workshop

Economics for Public Policy - II (Macro)


MA History

Principles of History

Contemporary World (Part-II : 1945-2003)

Contemporary World

Indian National Movement (1905-1947)

Ecology & Environment in History

Environmental Crisis and World Religions

Major currents in Historical Thought

Research Methodology and Historical Investigation

Indian Nationalism (Socio-religious and other protest movements) up to1905.

Optional Papers

MA Sociology

Social Anthropology

Theories of Group Interaction

Methodology of Social Sciences

Theories of Group Interaction

Group Processes and Dynamics

Sociological Reviews and Viva-Voce

Classical Social Thinkers

Modern Sociological Theories

Sociology of Environment

Advanced Sociological Theories

Tribal Economy and Society

Sociology of India

Social Statistics

Continuity and Change In India

MA Philosophy

Classical Indian Philosophy - I

Indian Heritage and Axiology

Greek and Medieval Philosophy


Social and Political Philosophy – I

Contemporary Indian Philosophy - I

Indian Culture and Ethics

Contemporary Western Philosophy - I

Logic and Scientific Method

Moral Philosophy

Classical Indian Philosophy – II

Contemporary Indian Philosophy - II

Modern European Philosophy

Contemporary Western Philosophy - II

Social and Political Philosophy - II

Applied Ethics

MA in English and Comparative Literature

Poetry I

Comparative Literature

Drama I

Literary Theory I

Literary Criticism I

New Literatures in English

Fiction I

English Language Teaching

English for Specific Purposes

Philosophy and Literature

Indian Literature in English

Indian Novel in English Translation

Literary Criticism

Writers of the Diaspora

Poetry of the Nineteenth Century

Literary Theory II

Creative Writing (Interdisciplinary)

American Literature II

Twentieth-Century Literature in English


Poetry of the Nineteenth Century Science and Literature (Interdisciplinary)

MA in Comparative Literature and Translation Studies

Translation: Principles and Theories

Fundamentals of Translation

Linguistics and Translation

Translation: Comparative Approach and Evaluation

Comparative Literature: History, Principles & Methods

Genres of Translation

Comparative Literature: Kannada and Tamil

Comparative Literature: Western Classics

Comparative Literature: Kannada and Telugu

Media and Translation

Translation: Techniques and Methods

Translation in Kannada: Historical Survey

Technical Translation: Science and Humanities

Kannada as Language of Administration

Comparative Literature: Indian Literature

Comparative Poetics

Comparative Literature: Kannada and Hindi

Comparative Literature: African and Caribbean

Comparative Literature: Kannada and Telugu

Comparative Literature: Latin American Literature

MA Anthropology

Introduction to Social Anthropology

Theories of Social Structure

Physical Anthropology

Applied Anthropology and Tribal Welfare

Archaeological Anthropology

Indian Society

Quantitative Research Methods

Anthropology of Complex Societies

Qualitative Research Methods

Theories of Culture

MA Social Work

History and Philosophy of Social Work

Statistics and Computer Application

Psychosocial Dynamics of Human Behavior

Dynamics of Socio-Political Institutions and Organisations

Methods of Working with People: Micro-Approaches

Social Policy and Planning

Social Welfare Administration

Demography and Population Studies

Research Methodology

Communication and Social work Practice

Man & Society

Labour Problems and Labour Welfare

Approaches and fields of Social Work

Dynamics of Social Development

Human Growth and Development

Social Ecology and Management of Environment

Methods of working with People: Macro Approaches

Counselling and Social Work Practice

Management of NGO’s and Disaster Relief Services

Labour Legislation and Social work Practice

MA in Social Work in Community Organization and Development Practice

Foundation Course

Rural Development and Governance

Philosophy of Research

Sustainable Development and Livelihood

History and Perspective of Social Work

Field Work

Social Case Work

Social Policy and Planning

Social Group Work

Socio-Legal Dimensions in Development Practice

Research Methods I

Urbanization, Governance and Informal Work

Theoretical Perspectives for Community Practice

Social Action, Advocacy and Movements

Elective Foundation

Business Plan Development for Social Sector

Community Organization

Program Planning and Management

Critical Perspectives on Social work: Introduction to Social Theories

Disasters and Development

Research Methods II

Disciplinary Elective

MA Linguistics

Phl. Underpinnings of Modern Linguistics

Field Linguistics

Phonetics and Phonology I

Language Universals and Language Typology



Syntax I

Computational Linguistics

Syntax II

Elective Courses I, II

Phonology II

Historical Linguistics

Cognitive Linguistics


MA Archaeology

Foundations of Social Anthropology

Social Ecology

Archaeological Anthropology

Anthropology of Peasant Societies

Ethnology and Comparative Ethnography

Anthropology of Urban and Complex Societies

Practical – Archaeological Anthropology

Theories of Culture and Social Structure

Indians Overseas

Human Biology

Qualitative Methods and Research

Economic Anthropology

Physical Anthropology

Political Anthropology

Methodology of Anthropological Research

Minorities, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

Applied Anthropology

Anthropology of Folklore

Practical – Physical Anthropology

Project, Field work, Dissertation and Viva-Voce

MA Rural Development

Rural Development- Indian Context

Communication and Extension in Rural Development

Rural Development Programmes

Rural Social Development

Rural Development- Planning and Management

Voluntary Action in Rural Development

Research Methods in Rural Development

Land Reforms and Rural Development

Rural Health Care

Entrepreneurship and Rural Development

MA Rural Studies

Principles and Practices of Rural Development

Resource Economics

Economic Analysis for Rural Management - I

Operations Research Techniques

Management Accounting and finance

Environment & Energy management

Quantitative Analysis for Rural Management

Project Management-I: Planning and Implementation of Rural Development Programmes

Agribusiness, Agripreneurship and Skill Development

Rural Product Marketing

Rural Livelihood Systems

Geographical Information systems for Rural Development

Research Methodology for Rural Studies

Rural Development Interventions

Computer Applications for Rural Management

Rural Development Programmes and policies

Economic Analysis for Rural Management - II

Business Budgeting

Social Policy, Planning and Development

Science and Technology for Rural Development

Trade Liberalization and Global Business Logistics

Co-operative Thoughts and Collective Action

Risk Management & Rural Insurance

Finance Management

Introduction to Bionomics

Social Corporate Responsibilities

Project Management – II: Monitoring and Evaluation of Rural Development Programmes



After completing an MA degree course candidates can either pursue an MPhil/ PhD course or they can even consider opting for a job. However, candidates need to note that they would be offered a job after completing their MA course depending on the discipline they have studied. Some popular job profiles that candidates can pursue after completing their MA course are as mentioned below:

Job Profile



In a teaching profile, one must prepare lectures in accordance with the course curriculum and then ensure that the classroom environment is favourable to learning. A teacher must also mentor pupils on a daily basis in order for them to not only study their curriculum but also grow into responsible adults.

Administrative Officer

In this job profile, one acts as the point of contact for all company employees and provides administrative support as well as manages queries of employees. An administrative officer manages office stocks, prepares reports on expenses as well as office budget and also organises the records of the company.

Social Worker

In such a job profile one needs to identify and thereafter help people cope with the problems at hand.


In such a job profile an individual is expected to work under different beats such as Politics, Sports, Crime, Education, Entertainment etc. A Journalist is expected to research, write, and present the events/ news in an honest, unbiased and ethical manner.


In such a job profile one needs to speak to individuals who are facing personal or professional difficulties and help them overcome their problems and thereafter make appropriate changes in their life.


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